indoor, JOAD, nationals

Indoor Nationals – 2018: Albuquerque Edition

The older one headed to Albuquerque for Indoor Nationals. Indoor Nationals is combined with JOAD Nationals at many venues. More background information is here.

Albuquerque has its own unique attractions, but it doesn’t feel as elite as being in SLC at the Easton Archery Center with the home of Hoyt right around the corner.

The tournament is held inside the Albuquerque convention center.

Brady Ellison was also at this event, but shot his two sessions back to back and then disappeared.

It was a difficult shoot for her. She may have even suffered a bout of target panic. She persevered and completed all three sessions. For this event, most of her team and her coaches had selected SLC as their venue and date. As such, she was shooting alone.

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JOAD, Outdoor

Outdoor USAT JOAD

The title of this post is a rare combo of words for our location.  There haven’t been a lot of USAT outdoor tournaments and this may be the start of something for the area.  To be clear, this is not a qualifier, but follows the same format.  I hope the tournament continues.

She had a tough day.  Missed the bale several times and was definitely getting frustrated with herself.  That frustration affected her performance.  She finished second but it was not her desired performance.  We are shaking it off and looking forward.

usa archery

What Are the USAT Qualifying Events?

To get a rank for Senior, Junior, or Cadet, you need to attend the US Archery Team (USAT) Qualifying Events.  There are currently four tournaments that are part of the USAT Qualifiers.

usat-qualifiers

The Arizona Cup

An annual outdoor target archery tournament held in April complying with World Archery and USA Archery rules. It began in 1989 in Tempe at Arizona State University, moved to Tucson and returned to Phoenix, Arizona in 2001. The Arizona Cup is celebrating its 27th anniversary in 2016. The 2016 AAE Arizona Cup is a USAT Qualifier and a World Archery Ranking Tournament and Para WRE.

http://www.arizonacup.net

The Gator Cup

This is an outdoor target archery tournament that complies with World Archery and USA Archery rules. The Easton Foundations Gator Cup is a USAT Qualifier Series Event. This means it is part of the series of events co-hosted by USA Archery that help to determine the national team for archery, called the United States Archery Team (USAT).

http://www.gatorcup.com/

SoCal Showdown

Our team here at the Easton Archery Center of Excellence is excited to be hosting the event for our first time this year.  The competition has a rich history started by the Roadrunner Archery club and we look forward to building upon that legacy.  Each year participants have been able to enjoy the beautiful weather of Southern California, an excellent competition venue at the U.S. Olympic Training Center, the local sights of San Diego, and much more.  Our goal is to take the event a step further in order to continue to provide that excellent and fun competition experience for our athletes as well as to move our sport forward and help it to grow.

http://www.socalshowdown.org/

Buckeye Classic

The Buckeye Classic is a national outdoor target archery tournament which is the fourth & final USAT Qualifier Series event of 2016. This means it is part of the series of events that take place across the country to determine the national U.S. team for archery — the United States Archery Team or USAT for short.

This event is sanctioned and co-hosted by USA Archery, the organization recognized by the U.S. Olympic Committee as the National Governing Body of the Olympic sport of archery.  USA Archery is responsible for selecting and training men’s and women’s teams to represent the United States in Olympic Games, Paralympic Games, and Pan American Games, as well as World Championships, World Cups, and other international competitions.

http://www.buckeyeclassic.org/

Prizes

Some of these tournaments speak of prizes, like the SoCal Showdown, most do not.

usa archery

How Do I Make the Cadet US Archery Team?

To make the Cadet USAT, you need to be ranked using a ranking system. The NRS is examined in this post for Seniors. For Cadets, it changes a bit.

  1. Average of the athlete’s placement in the ranking and elimination rounds at Outdoor US JOAD National Championships
  2. The final placement in the qualifying round will be used for all USAT Qualifier Series

Events

To be part of the USAT Cadet team, you need to attend these events:

  1. Outdoor US JOAD National Championships Mandatory Event
  2. USAT Qualifier Series Events Minimum Of Two Events

If you complete more than two events in that year, the best qualifying round finishes will be used for the Cadet USAT Rankings.

Example

JOAD Nationals

Ranking Round: 4
Olympic Round: 6
Average Rank: 5

USAT Qualifier 1

2nd

USAT Qualifier 2

1rst

USAT Qualifier 3

4th

Final Ranking Score

5 + 1 + 2 = 8 (did not use 4th place finish)

Lower is better

So Who Makes the USAT Cadet Team

  1. The final top five ranked Cadet archers, per class and division and who are still eligible to compete in the Cadet division the following year.
  2. The final rankings will be released after all USAT Qualifier Series Events and Outdoor US JOAD National Championships

What Are the Other Requirements?

  1. A valid USAA Membership is required at the time of the event in order to receive any Cadet USAT Ranking points.
  2. Cadet archers must be a member of a JOAD club to be eligible.
  3. USAA members in good standing
  4. U.S. citizen
usa archery

How Do I Make the Junior US Archery Team?

To make the Junior USAT, you need to be ranked using a ranking system. The NRS is examined in this post for Seniors. For Juniors, it changes a bit.

  1. Average of the athlete’s placement in the ranking and elimination rounds at Outdoor US JOAD National Championships
  2. The final placement in the qualifying round will be used for all USAT Qualifier Series

Events

To be part of the USAT Junior team, you need to attend these events:

  1. Outdoor US JOAD National Championships Mandatory Event
  2. USAT Qualifier Series Events Minimum Of Two Events

If you complete more than two events in that year, the best qualifying round finishes will be used for the Junior USAT Rankings.

Example

JOAD Nationals

Ranking Round: 4
Olympic Round: 6
Average Rank: 5

USAT Qualifier 1

2nd

USAT Qualifier 2

1rst

USAT Qualifier 3

4th

Final Ranking Score

5 + 1 + 2 = 8 (did not use 4th place finish)

Lower is better

So Who Makes the USAT Junior Team

  1. The final top five ranked junior archers, per class and division and who are still eligible to compete in the Junior division the following year.
  2. The final rankings will be released after all USAT Qualifier Series Events and Outdoor US JOAD National Championships

What Are the Other Requirements?

  1. A valid USAA Membership is required at the time of the event in order to receive any Junior USAT Ranking points.
  2. Junior archers must be a member of a JOAD club to be eligible.
  3. USAA members in good standing
  4. U.S. citizen
usa archery

How Do I Make The Senior USAT? Inside the National Ranking System (NRS)

To make the Senior USAT, you need to be ranked using the National Ranking System.

NRS

The National Ranking System (NRS) takes into consideration

  1. National Event Placement Points
    1. Performance at USA Archery’s National
    2. Performance at USAT Qualifiers
  2. International Success Points
    1. Finishes in World Cups
    2. Finishes in World Championships
    3. Finishes in Olympic competition.

In order to receive a national ranking, you must be a US Archery member in good standing.  Your ranking will be used to determine:

National Event Placement Points

There are three parts to National Event Placement Points

  1. Qualification Round Placement: USA Archery Members will be ranked based on their final Qualification Round placement after removing any non-USA Archery members.  Lower numbers are better.
  2. Single Arrow Average (SAA) Placement During Elimination Round Matches: USA Archery Members will receive placement points based on their rank of SAA amongst the other USA Archery Members in the competition. An archer’s SAA is literally their single arrow average during elimination round matches for that particular competition not including 1 arrow shoot offs for tie breakers. SAA Values will be rounded to the nearest thousandth, rounding up at .0005 and above. Ties within SAA values will remain when factoring an archer’s SAA Placement.  If you shoot an average of 9.8  and everyone else shoots 9.7 or lower, you will occupy first place for SAA Placement.  Lower numbers are better.
  3. Elimination Round Placement: USA Archery members will receive points based on their final Elimination Round placement. Athletes eliminated in the 1/8, 1/16, and 1/32 rounds of competition will have their Elimination Round Placement determined by their SAA of the match in which they were eliminated.  Lower numbers are better.

These three parts are mixed together in a weighted system to generate a single National Event Placement Point (EPP) score.

Component Weight
Qualification Round Placement 40%
Single Arrow Average Placement 20%
Elimination Round Placement 40%

Which results in this simple formula

(Qualification Round Placement x .40) + 
(Single Arrow Average Placement x .20) + 
(Elimination Round Placement x .40)

The formula rewards archers for a high level of performance in all three fundamental components. An archer’s Event Placement Point provides a comprehensive overview of the archer’s performance for a given competition.

International Success Points

Since lower NRS scores are desired, archers that compete internationally can acquire International Success Points which are recorded as negative numbers and then added to your NRS to lower it.

  1. International Success Points are earned at a World Cup Event, World Archery Championships, or the Olympic Games.
  2. Only the four most recent Outdoor World Cup Events and World Cup Final will be used for International Success Points.
Top 4 Top 8
Outdoor World Cup Stages -1.0 -0.5
Olympic Games, World Archery Championships, World Cup Final -2.0 -1.0

Events

To be part of the USAT Senior team, you need to attend these events:

  1. U.S. National Target Championships Mandatory Event
  2. USAT Qualifier Series Events Minimum Of Three Events
  3. World Cup Stages, World Cup Final, World Archery Championships, or the Olympic Games Optional

Example NRS Score

Event 1

10th Place – Qualification Round x .40 + 
7th Place - Single Arrow Average x .20 + 
10th Place - Elimination Round x .40 
= 
(10 * .40) + (7 * .20) + (10 * .40)
=
(4.00 + 1.40 + 4.00)
=
9.40

Event 2

10th Place – Qualification Round x .40 + 
10th Place - Single Arrow Average x .20 +
10th Place - Elimination Round x .40
= 
(10 * .40) + (10 * .20) + (10 * .40)
=
(4.00 + 1.20 + 4.00)
=
9.20

Event 3

5th Place – Qualification Round x .40 + 
5th Place - Single Arrow Average x .20 +
5th Place - Elimination Round x .40
= 
(5 * .40) + (5 * .20) + (5 * .40)
=
(2.00 + 1 + 2.00)
=
5.00

Event 4

3rd Place – Qualification Round x .40 + 
3rd Place - Single Arrow Average x .20 +
5th Place - Elimination Round x .40
= 
(3 * .40) + (3 * .20) + (5 * .40)
=
(1.2 + .6 + 2.00)
=
3.80

Total National Event Placement Points

9.40 + 9.20 + 5.00 + 3.80 = 27.4

International Success Points

Outdoor World Cup Stage finished 3 which is -1.0 points

NRS

27.4 + -1.0 = 26.4

So Who Makes the USAT Senior Team

  1. The final top eight ranked senior archers, per class and division as defined by the NRS system
  2. The final rankings will be based on the final NRS update which will occur after all USAT Qualifier Series Events and World Cup, World Cup Finals, World Championships, and Olympic Games competition have concluded in a calendar year.
Archery-Terms, nfaa, References

Parsing USA Archery

Archery first appeared in the Olympic Games in 1900, was contested again in 1904, 1908 and 1920, then again, after an absence of 52 years, from 1972 to the present. In 1931, FITA (Fédération Internationale de Tir à l’Arc) was formed to get archery back in the olympics. In 2011, FITA decided to rename themselves World Archery Federation which is strangely abbreviated WA.

What I get from this bit of history is that archery wasn’t well organized for those 52 years. After all, it was clearly present and important in the 1908 Olympics. Unlike a sport like baseball, which from my understanding has one canonical implementation, archery has a problem of many disciplines fighting for a share of the attention. For example, there is not baseball on stilts, aquatic baseball, spring loaded bat baseball, and VR baseball. These things may exist, but they aren’t baseball in the common definition.

So any organization that wants to represent the interests of archery have really distinct constituents. It starts with equipment – namely the bow but also the arrow. There are long bows, bare bows, compound bows, cross bows, and recurve bows. There are wood arrows, aluminum arrows, carbon arrows, hybrid arrows, and probably more I don’t even know exist. In contrast, here is the Major League definition of the bat.

The bat shall be a smooth, round stick not more than 2.61 inches in diameter at the thickest part and not more than 42 inches in length. The bat shall be one piece of solid wood.

The equipment is just one way that archery diverges. What people choose to shoot an arrow at is another difference in archery – “paper” targets of all sizes and shapes and configurations, animals, 3D fake animals, fish, and movie screens with a virtual target archery. Probably the biggest division is around the word “animals”. This means that archery is also a hunting sport.

Like other sports, the international governing body wants to oversee various national governing bodies. In the USA, that governing body for a long time was called the NAA or National Archery Association. The NAA was founded in 1879. The NAA is different than the National Field Archery Association. The NFAA was found in 1931, probably over some split over the diversity of different forms of archery. Details are few. It is generally recognized that competitive archery in the USA is governed by the NFAA and the NAA. Also with few details, is the transformation of the NAA into USA Archery. I suspect it happened around 2007. Of course in 2007, we were already living in the mandatory age of websites. USA Archery decided to register themselves under usarchery.org (note that is not USA Archery or usaarchery.org – although it looks like they bought the other domain too). This seemingly small detail seems to be in common with the strange FITA -> World Archery Federation or “WA” which continues archery’s identity problem.

So what is going on with USA Archery?

Here’s there mission statment:

The mission of USA Archery shall be to enable United States athletes to achieve sustained competitive excellence in Olympic, Pan American or Paralympic and World Championship competition and to promote and grow the sport of archery in the United States.

Importantly, the Olympic bureaucracy has recognized USA Archery as the governing body with the purpose of selecting and training men’s and women’s teams to represent the U.S. in Olympic Games, Paralympic Games and Pan American Games. USA Archery also selects teams for World Championships, World Cups and other international competitions annually. That makes USA Archery different than NFAA.

As the body that controls the Olympic team, USA Archery is not as interested in all of the types of archery. They have stayed away from anything to do with hunting. It looks like they are largely focused on target archery (not hunting) with a big emphasis on recurve archery. You can see that in the logo which is not all of the bow types, it is simply the recurve bow since that is the only current Olympic sport.

l_USA-Archery-Logo

So what does USA Archery really do? Mostly it looks like they are trying to get their stuff together. Here’s an excerpt from the 2008 Annual Board Meeting Notes:

Chairman Corbin had previously requested the attendance of USA Archery Board members, all USAA personnel, and USOC representatives to hear his presentation on the status of USA Archery. It was his desire that everyone receive the same message as he felt the organization was at a critical crossroads. Mr. Corbin’s presentation lasted approximately an hour and some key excerpts are noted below in a condensed format. “USA Archery is a dysfunctional organization. There is no viable strategic plan, minimal external funding outside of USOC, no unity of purpose, poor communications, and a passionate resistance to change.” A leap of faith is necessary to establish a new paradigm for archery.

As that meeting progressed:

Belinda Foxworth led financial report with assistance from Gary Urie. Mr. Urie notes conclusion of Kathleen Frazier embezzlement case. In the general discussion of finances Mr. Urie mentions that the organization borrowed $40,000 from the Foundation to get through the year. The board advised Mr. Urie that the CEO does not have the authority to borrow money without board approval and expressed disappointment that it occurred.

And even more turmoil:

Brad Camp gives CEO report and responds to extensive board questions on a wide range of issues.

Chairman announces Mr. Camp’s resignation and Mr Parish’s termination. Mrs. Parker has agreed to serve, and was unanimously appointed by the board, as “Acting CEO.”

By 2012, USA Archery had received a gift from the movie franchise the Hunger Games. There were other media influences too like Disney’s Brave, the movies from the Chronicles of Narnia, and various archers in super hero franchises. All of this drove interest in archery.

By the end of 2015, USA Archery looks to have these jobs:

  • Spread interest in archery
  • Track archers
  • Develop athletes for the Olympics
  • Run various official events
  • Build confidence in the athlete development by standardizing and certifying coaches
  • Manage funding

Here’s a snippet of the 2015 annual meeting, note that the 2008 Acting CEO is still the CEO.

Chair Foxworth turned the meeting over to CEO Denise Parker. CEO Parker’s presentation provided an overview of USA Archery.

  • Membership – Membership growth has brought the organization to just over 18,000 individual members and over 850 Clubs. The organization’s 35% growth over the last 12 months is both exciting and challenging.

  • Explore Archery – The Explore Archery curriculum was developed as part of a joint effort between USA Archery, Archery Trade Association and Easton Foundations to introduce those participating in local community activities (clubs, camps, Parks and Recs, Retail Pro Shops, National Archery in the Schools, YMCA’s, Boy and Girl Scout programs and 4H) to the sport of Archery. 197 Explore Archery programs are currently registered and $10,000 in grants has been allocated to these clubs.

  • JOAD Clubs – Currently there are 502 JOAD clubs across the country. A new club handbook has been developed and USA Archery continues to provide $20,000 in grant funds to eligible JOAD Clubs annually.

  •  Collegiate Archery Program – Current collegiate membership includes 42 clubs and 520 individual collegiate members compared to the 2009 membership of 435. $75,000 in grant funds were awarded to eligible clubs in 2015. USA Archery will begin selecting teams for FISU events in 2016 and thereafter.

  • Instructor Certification – USA Archery currently has 16,000 certified Level Instructors bringing the total number of certified instructors and coaches across the country to over 20,000.

  • World Rankings- CEO Parker announced the current World Rankings for USA Archery National Teams: Men’s Compound, 2nd; Women’s Compound, 3rd; Men’s Recurve, 4th; and Women’s Recurve, 14th.

  • 2015 World Archery Youth Championships Team- The U.S. team competed in Yankton, SD and the promising results were 8 Compound medals and 6 Recurve medals.

  • 2015 World Archery Championships Recurve Team – Three women and three men have been selected to represent the United States in Copenhagen. Women selected were Khatuna Lorig, LaNola Pritchard and Ariel Gibilaro. Men selected for the team were Zach Garrett, Brady Ellison and Collin Klimitchek

  • Events and Event Participation – CEO Parker displayed a graph showing the growth of participation in events since 2009 stating that the growth and size of National events continue to be challenges. 916 people registered for the combined 2015 National Target Championships and Easton JOAD Nationals events.

When USA Archery meets the public, they do it through these targeted Outreach Programs

  • Explore Archery
  • JOAD (Junior Olympic Archery Development)
  • Collegiate Archery Program
  • Adult Archery Program
  • USA Archery Camps

As a sports body, USA Archery needs to oversee the competition of the sport. They do that through these Events

  • Sanctioned Archery Tournaments
    • Local
    • State
    • Regional
  • USAT (United States Archery Team) Qualifier Series Events
  • National Championship Events
    • JOAD National Championships
    • US National Target Champions
    • JOAD National Indoor Championships
    • US National Indoor Championships
    • US National Field Championships
    • US National Outdoor Collegiate Championships

However, they are not the only organizing body for archery in the USA, they split this job with the NFAA and probably others.  NFAA is catering to a much broader diversity of archery styles (see NFAA and USAT)

To build an athlete pipeline for the Olympics, USA Archery does that though their National Development Programs

  • Recurve Junior Dream Team
  • Compound Junior Dream Team
  • Collegiate Junior Dream Team
  • Resident Athlete Program
  • USAT (United States Archery Team)
    • Cadet
    • Junior
    • Para
    • Senior
    • Master*
    • Barebow*

It is not clear what is going to happen with these divisions.  USA Archery announced they were official in this 2016 Press Release, but selection criteria looks like it is scheduled for 2018.  As non-olympic sports, it looks like they will be similar to compound archery.

As regulators of the National Training System (the 12 step shot sequence) USA Archery meets the public with coaching certifications in the following forms:

As a participant in World Archery Federation, USA Archery is involved with International Competitions

  • World Cups (Indoor, Outdoor)
  • World Championships (Indoor, Outdoor, Field, and 3D)
  • Parapan and Pan American Games
  • Olympic and Paralympic Games

How does USA Archery get funded? According to their 2015 Financial Declaration

Combined Revenue
Contributions and grants 1,011,125
Grants from the USOC 715,281
Inventory sales 654,017
Cost of inventory sold (357,555)
Membership registrations 683,910
Tournament income 486,505
Corporate sponsorships 172,614
Coach certification income 97,382
NAA Foundation grant* 80,000
USOC media/marketing agreement 85,000
Investment income 19,891
Other income 8,425
Total Revenue 3,656,595
Combined Expenses
Program Expenses
High performance* 631,725
National events and trials 599,107
International events 548,225
Grass roots development 422,280
Membership services 322,051
Coach development 272,361
Paralympic team 264,108
National team 115,609
Supporting Services
General and administrative 419,179
Fundraising 7,772
Total Expenses 3,602,417

* These names are hold outs from older programs, for the most part, High Performance has been replaced by USAT. Previously, USA Archery was NFA which must have been able to create some annuity or grant. Another example is that the financials are declared as:

NATIONAL ARCHERY ASSOCIATION OF THE UNITED STATES
d/b/a USA ARCHERY

The corporate sponsors for USA Archery may be restricted to the line item of “Corporate Sponsorships”, but it also could under “Contributions and Grants”. This report is available here.

Officially, there are four levels of sponsorship: Gold, Silver, Bronze and Sponsor. What these levels translate to is not disclosed or is very hard to locate.

Gold Sponsors

  • Easton Foundation
  • Archery Trade Association (ATA)

Silver Sponsors

  • Hoyt
  • Easton

Bronze

  • Nike
  • United Airlines
  • Axcel Sights and Scopes

Sponsors

  • Arizona Archery Enterprises
  • B-Stinger
  • Lancaster Archery
  • Mental Management Systems
  • Pilla, Inc
  • American Whitetail Targets

Here’s an interesting tension for USA Archery. Easton/Hoyt are large contributors to USA Archery. Hoyt for example can clearly hold the noble idea of growing the sport of archery and profiting from that growth. So where does hunting fit into the mix? By far the largest demographic of archers in the US are hunters. By majority, most of those hunters are compound bow owners. A lot of those are bows made by Hoyt and other US manufacturers, so there is a constant tension around compound shooters.

Archery-Terms, JOAD, Outdoor, References

JOAD and USAT Divisions and Classes

For USA Archery that runs JOAD (Junior Olympic Archery Development) and USAT (United States Archery Team), the classes are fewer than NFAA.

JOAD Classes

All archers are allowed to use:

  • Arm guard – plastic, cloth, leather material – to protect their arm from the bowstring and prevent string/arrow deflection during release
  • Finger protector – plastic, metal, leather material – protects the fingers that draw the bowstring back to shoot the bow
  • Finger Sling or Wrist Sling – if the hand holding the bow grips the bow tightly, the arrow will not fly true because tension in the hand affects the bow. If the archer correctly holds the bow with a relaxed hand, the bow actually will leap forward out of the hand. To prevent it from falling to the ground the archer will use a length of string or cloth or leather to encircle the bow grip loosely. This catches the bow after the arrow has left and before the bow hits the ground.
  • Chest protector – cloth or plastic material – this resembles the front panel of one side of a vest, with straps to hold it in place on the side of the chest closest to the bow. It provides a smooth, low-friction surface so that as the bowstring moves forward on arrow release, it does not snag painfully in the archer’s shirt or chest.
  • Weights – different weights can be attached to the bow to assist in release or compensate for a bow with a different center

Other equipment

  • Kisser button – is a plastic button that mounts on the bowstring above the nocking point, and is adjusted to touch the upper lip when the bow is drawn. This helps in forming a stable anchor point. It is a reference point used to provide an additional touch point for the anchor, like the hand on the jaw bone, or the string on the end of the nose.
  • Sight or scope – an adjustable plastic, metal, or carbon device that provides better accuracy without the use of magnifying optics or electronic enhancements (most commonly “sight” as “scope” implies some sort of optics)
  • Aperture – the opening on the sight through which the archer aims at the target. (no magnification or electronics allowed)
  • Clicker – a metal tab that makes a clicking noise when the arrow is drawn to a precise point. Advanced archers have trained themselves into a reflexive release of the arrow when the click is heard.
  • Stabilizer – plastic, metal, rubber, or carbon rods that attach to various points on the bow to help the bow remain still (stable) on arrow release. Vibrations are absorbed by stabilizer components as well. Can have several stabilizers
  • Doinkers/silencers – rubber, metal devices that attach to the bow and absorb vibrations and reduce shock on arrow release
  • Plunger/button – a metal and plastic device that mounts through the riser of the bow to touch the arrow while it is on the bow that helps tune the bow.
  • Release Aid – Attaches to the bow string and mechanically releases the string when the archer is ready to shoot generally through the use of a button but sometimes through specific body movement like back tension
  • Levels – Bubble levels are found on some bows to assist in shooting straighter
Barebow*
permitted weights, plunger
not permitted sights, scopes, stabilizers, clickers, doinkers, electronics, levels, release aid
Recurve
permitted weights, plunger, sights, stabilizers, clickers, doinkers
not permitted scopes, release aids, levels, electronics
Compound
permitted weights, plunger, sights, stabilizers, clickers, doinkers, scopes, release aids, levels, electronics
not permitted

*  In general, barebows do not provide a level of accuracy sufficient to be competitive at the 70 meter distance (which is the Olympic distance for recurve archery).  As such, barebow is not an official class of USAT (said differently, it may be erratically recognized).  That may change in 2018 according to these guidelines.

JOAD Divisions

There are five age groups for JOAD.  More information can be found here.

Division Age
Junior 18, 19, 20
Cadet 15, 16, 17
Cub* 13, 14
Bowman* 10, 11, 12
Yeoman* 8, 9

* In outdoor USAT events, there are no divisions for Cub, Bowman, or Yeoman while at JOAD outdoor events, all divisions may be present.

USAT Divisions

There are four age groups for USAT. Additionally, another division exists which does not follow an age for Paralympics called Para

Division Age
Senior Any age
Master 50+ 50 or older
Junior 18, 19, 20
Cadet 15, 16, 17

JOAD and USAT Gender

  • Male
  • Female